Hello everyone!!! My name is Emma Russell. I am a senior here at UK and the BCM President! I am so happy to be a part of the advent devotionals again this year! The theme of this first devotional is Jesus being the seed of Eve and the snake crusher. I am using the ESV translation. Genesis 3:1-7 details the temptation of Adam and Eve along with the fall. Genesis 3:8-13 details a conversation between Adam, Eve, and God with verse 13 saying that the serpent or snake was the one that deceived Eve. Now, Genesis 3:14-15 reads
The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
So first off, the serpent is cursed to move around on its belly the rest of the days; aka snakes. That verse is not talking about Jesus but I thought the context of God talking to the serpent was important in understanding the next verse. There is another important thing to note before diving into this, it mentions the offspring of women in verse 14. All man originated from Adam and Eve but the person we are going to focus on here is Jesus!!! So Jesus (fully man and fully God) descended from Adam and Eve. We can see Him being prophesied here. So the last sentence of verse 15 says “he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel”. So first let's look at this practically. Say we are looking at the injuries caused here: a bruise or, in the CSB translation, strike of a heel is going to heal. It will hurt but you cannot be killed by that, you can be killed by a bruise or strike of the head (a head injury). If you are looking at this related to a human and a snake, bruising a snake’s head is crushing it. It didn't just get smacked or hit. Who in the Bible can we see getting hurt by the snake (Satan) and ultimately defeating him: Jesus. Who tried to defeat Jesus and bruised him (temptation in desert and also crucifixion) but could not defeat Him: Satan.
We see confirmation of this in Galatians 4:4-5 and Hebrews 2:14. Galatians 4:4-5 says
But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.
In verse 4 it says, “God sent forth his Son, born of woman,...”, notice how it says of woman not of a woman. When it says born of woman here it is referencing the fact that Jesus who is the son of God was born from the lineage of the woman or the first woman, Eve. Continuing on Jesus was born under the law to redeem the law for us the sons it talks about. Paul, who is the writer of Galatians, is talking about Jesus being born under Jewish law because of his lineage. He was the only person to ever completely keep and obey the law without imperfection, therefore defeating and fulfilling the law. He did this and died on the cross so that we may be adopted into this new family of believers that are wiped clean due to the fulfillment of the law.
Hebrews 2:14 says
SInce therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
This verse is very complex. First it is talking about the bruising of the heel again. Jesus did not defeat Satan without having faced trials. As it talks about here, He faced trials just like every other human on the planet; “he himself likewise partook of the same things”. Ultimately in the end though he will destroy Satan, or “the one who has the power of death”, through his death and resurrection. He was only bruised while Satan was crushed.
Now with all that being said, I need you to sit there and reflect on the fact that we follow and worship the snake crusher. He defeated death and Satan and we have that hope. When we put our trust and our faith in Him, we are wiped clean and will be able to worship Him and be with Him forever! I know, at least personally, I sometimes forget the power and depth that it holds. Sit and think about the fact that your Savior died and rose again defeating death. Not just scraping by and surviving death but dying and defeating it by rising.
Are there other passages that you can think of and are familiar with that show that Jesus is the snake crusher talked about in Genesis 3:15?
What does the word snake crusher make you think about? What feelings does it invoke? What kind of person is a snake crusher? Do those thoughts line up with the person that Jesus is?
Sit and meditate on the truth of the Bible and the fact that Jesus defeated death and crushed the snake. Share any thoughts that you had during this time.