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December 5th - Adam Smith

Hey guys, my name is Adam Smith and I am a Sophomore at UK studying Elementary Education. Here at the BCM I am a part of the evangelism leadership team, and I have been charged with giving today's advent devotional. In today's devotional I will be using ESV for my bible translation.

As you may have figured from the past days, we are looking at the old testament prophecy and how it relates to Jesus in the new testament. Today we will be looking at how Jesus is the better Adam. This is seen in Genesis 3:17-19. For context, this is right after Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and God came down to the garden to ask what is going on. In the old testament passage, God is talking directly to Adam and he is telling him the punishment for eating of the tree.

“And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.””

Genesis 3:17-19 ESV

Through this, we see that the first sin came through Adam, not Eve. Eve ate from the tree after being deceived by Satan, but Adam ate from it knowing full well God told him not to. If we look back at the passage above, God says “...because of you”, as we can see, Sin entered the world through Adam’s sin, not Eve’s. Why does this matter? In Genesis 2:17, we see that God gives Adam the punishment for when he would eat from the tree “but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” Genesis 2:17 ESV

God gave Adam the consequence for eating the apple beforehand to show the power this action would have. When Adam ate the apple, death entered the world as well. Death is eternal separation from God, and nothing we can do can bring us back to him. But God in his infinite mercy, didn’t want this, he wanted us to be with him. How was this to be done? In Romans 5:12-14, Paul gives us the answer.

“Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.” Romans 5:12-14 ESV

Sin entered through Adam when he ate of the apple, and death ran rampant throughout the world. From Adam till Moses, sin was not stopped and continued to grow in the people. Then came the Law from God, through Moses, but it failed in stopping sin. Rather, it pointed towards the need of something greater that was able to defeat the power of sin, Jesus. It was in God's plan to send Jesus to sacrifice himself for the people that continued to sin against him again and again. Jesus, who lived a sinless and perfect life in a sinful world, put himself down in full obedience to God to die for you and me. In this so that we may have eternal life for anyone who believes in him.

So how does this relate back to Adam? In the second part of the verse, Paul calls Adam a “type of the one who was to come''. Paul compares Jesus to Adam because they are similar in a way, both born perfect, both given consequences of death. While Adam’s death brought about sin, Jesus’ death brought about salvation and a means to once again be with God. Jesus is the better Adam, because he took the punishment of death that came into the world through Adam. The sin in our lives, caused by Adam’s disobedience, is canceled out through Christ’s sacrifice and we are made whole once again.

So this Christmas season, reflect on the birth of Jesus, the purpose behind his upbringing. That God sent his one and only son down to die for our sins on a cross that he didn’t deserve, and to be resurrected three days later showing the power he has over sin and death. Now, though God’s mercy, we are able to be with him again. Take some time today to pray and reflect on the need for a Savior.

Reflection Questions

  1. 1)  Why is it important that we know that sin entered the world through Adam and that we all have sin?

  2. 2)  Like Adam and Eve, who or what in our lives are pulling us towards temptation?

  3. 3)  In our own lives, how are we denying God’s commands? (Like Adam eating from the

  4. 4)  How did the Law, seen in the Old Testament, point towards the coming of Jesus?

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